Tax Residence – Corporate

When a company has its establishment or place of management in Indonesia, then that certain company is treated as a resident of Indonesia for the tax purpose. Those foreign companies that carry out business activities through a permanent establishment (PE) in Indonesia will generally have the same tax obligations as a resident taxpayer.

Tax Neutral-Mergers

Transfers of assets in business mergers, consolidations, or business splits must generally be at market value. Gains resulting from this kind of restructuring are assessable while losses are generally claimable as a deduction from income. However, a tax-neutral merger or consolidation, under which assets are transferred at book value, can be conducted but subject to… Read More

Sale of Land and Building

Final tax at 5% is generally imposed on corporate taxpayers, while transfer of basic houses (rumah sederhana) and basic apartments (rumah susun sederhana) by a taxpayer whose main business is to engage in transfer of land and buildings is subject to 1% final tax. Transfer duty of 5% is payable by the purchaser (See ―Land… Read More

Loss Carried Forward

Losses may be carried forward for a maximum of five years. However, for a limited category of businesses in certain regions or businesses subject to certain concessions, the period can be extended for up to ten years. The carrying-back of losses is not allowed. Tax consolidation is not available.

Non-Deductible Expense

Disallowed deductions There are a number of non-deductible expenses. These non- deductible expenses are specified in the law or in associated regulations and pronouncements. Major categories of non- deductible expenses include: Benefits-in-kind (BIKs) (e.g., free housing, 50% of the acquisition and maintenance costs of certain company provided cars), except food and drink provided to all… Read More

Deductible Expenses

Calculation of Income – Deductible Expenses Under the new Income Tax Law, all legitimate business expenses directly or indirectly related to earning, collecting, or maintaining income are deductible from the assessable income to calculate the taxable income. These expenses include but are not limited to: 1. Expenses that are directly or indirectly related to business… Read More

Tax Rates

Normally, corporate income tax that is used in Indonesia is as much as 25%. This rate starts for the fiscal year of 2010 onward. Public companies that satisfy a minimum listing requirement of 40% and other special conditions are entitled to a tax cut of 5% off the standard rate. Thus, it gives them a… Read More